aquatic


aquatic
aquatic, lacustrine, fluvial, fluviatile, marine, oceanic, thalassic, neritic, pelagic, abyssal all refer to water and especially to a body of water but all except aquatic are highly specific in their applications and all are more or less technical terms in the geographical and biological sciences and in geology.
Aquatic may imply a habitat in water, but as applied to animals and plants it often means living in water (but not necessarily submersed) or on the water or around a body of water. It is specifically applicable to any plant (as the water hyacinth and the water lily) that has its roots in or below water. It is also applicable to any animal that frequents the water, especially to a swimming bird or mammal (as a gull or an otter). A frog is more often described as an amphibious animal but as compared to a toad its habits may be said to be aquatic.
Lacustrine relates only to a lake; it is used in biology
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lacustrine shells

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lacustrine fauna and flora},}}

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in geology
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lacustrine deposits},}}

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and in archaeology
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the lacustrine period, a prehistoric period when dwellings were erected over lakes

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Fluvial and fluviatile are used interchangeably to suggest the action, operation, or influence of flowing water though geologists perhaps somewhat prefer fluvial and biologists distinctly prefer fluviatile
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a fluvial plain

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fluviatile communities generally have a smaller standing crop of phytoplankters— Park

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When denoting a specific relationship to a particular stream or a relation to streams as such as distinct from their action or effects fluvial is the term of choice
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international fluvial law

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coastal and fluvial shipping— Welles

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sketched a geographical interpretation of the history of civilization through three stages: the fluvial, the thalassic, and the oceanic— Sat. Review (London)

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In reference to salt water marine (see also MARINE) is the comprehensive term, applicable not only to things that pertain to the open ocean but to those that pertain to contiguous salt or brackish waters (as bays, harbors, salt marshes, or salt ponds)
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marine shells

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marine vegetation

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marine deposits

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When specific reference to the open ocean or to mid ocean is intended, oceanic is the preferred word
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oceanic fauna

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oceanic currents

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oceanic storms

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When reference is to seas or gulfs, as distinguished from the ocean, thalassic is often the term preferred especially by historians
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thalassic empire

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These terms, however, are neither so definitely restricted nor so precise as the succeeding terms, which usually name definite zones of the ocean.
Neritic refers only to the belt of shallow water surrounding a landmass.
Pelagic, which in general use implies definitely the open sea or the high seas
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pelagic sealing},}}

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in its stricter technical application has reference in its extent only to the realm of the open ocean and in its depth only to so much of the water covering that expanse as is penetrable by light. Below the pelagic zone in the deeper parts of the ocean lies the abyssal zone, where no plant life exists and animals are carnivorous and are usually blind or luminescent.

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:
, (as water vegetation)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • aquatic — [ə kwat′ik, əkwät′ik] adj. [L aquaticus < aqua, water] 1. growing or living in or upon water [aquatic plants] 2. done in or upon the water [aquatic sports] n. 1. an aquatic plant or animal 2. [pl., often with sing. v.] aquatic sports or… …   English World dictionary

  • Aquatic — A*quat ic, a. [L. aquaticus: cf. F. aquatique. See {Aqua}.] Pertaining to water; growing in water; living in, swimming in, or frequenting the margins of waters; as, aquatic plants and fowls. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Aquatic — A*quat ic, n. 1. An aquatic animal or plant. [1913 Webster] 2. pl. Sports or exercises practiced in or on the water. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • aquatic — ► ADJECTIVE 1) relating to water. 2) living in or near water. ► NOUN ▪ an aquatic plant or animal …   English terms dictionary

  • aquatic — (adj.) late 15c., from Middle French and O.Fr. aquatique (13c.), from L. aquaticus growing in water; bringing rain, from aqua water (see AQUA (Cf. aqua) ) …   Etymology dictionary

  • aquatic — [adj] occurring in water amphibian, amphibious, floating, marine, maritime, natatory, oceanic, of the sea, sea, swimming, watery; concepts 396,536 …   New thesaurus

  • Aquatic — The term aquatic refers to things that are in or of the water but not to water itself, and can refer to the following:* Plants and/or animals living in oceans, estuaries, lakes, rivers, streams, wetlands, and ponds (aquatic environments). * Water …   Wikipedia

  • aquatic — [[t]əkwæ̱tɪk[/t]] 1) ADJ: usu ADJ n An aquatic animal or plant lives or grows on or in water. The pond is quite small but can support many aquatic plants and fish. ...aquatic birds. 2) ADJ Aquatic means relating to water. ...aquatic consultant… …   English dictionary

  • aquatic — I. adjective Date: 1610 1. growing or living in or frequenting water < aquatic mosquito larvae > 2. taking place in or on water < aquatic sports > • aquatically adverb II. noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • aquatic — aquatically, adv. /euh kwat ik, euh kwot /, adj. 1. of, in, or pertaining to water. 2. living or growing in water: aquatic plant life. 3. taking place or practiced on or in water: aquatic sports. n. 4. an aquatic plant or animal. 5. aquatics,… …   Universalium


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